Malaria and Climate Change

Malaria and climate change are undeniably linked to each other.

Groups of people observed, perceived and recorded that this illness becomes more rampant in certain seasons of the year.

Starting from the earliest citizens on Earth moving from one place to another to avoid acquiring this illness, climate change can delay and sometimes help to hold back this kind of disease.

This Anopheles stephensi mosquito is a vector of malaria

More often than not, this concerning vector-borne disease is most controlled by high temperature and precipitation series.

But it can also be controlled by the current of air and hours of daylight which both affect mosquito activity.

How it Starts

Malaria begins when you are bit by a female infected mosquito carrying any of the four parasites, Plasmodium P. falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale and P. malaria.

It injects its saliva into the circulatory system and the parasite within travels to the liver where it stays, matures and reproduces in large numbers.

Then, you will experience symptoms such as severe headaches, fever, nausea, vomiting and chills. If you do not seek medical advice, it can result in serious illness and even death.

Malaria has many alarming symptoms, and may cause death if one does not seek medical advice

The Role of Climate Change

Nowadays, the Earth’s troposphere is warming and the economic advancement and allied industrialization are leading to the greenhouse effect, which is causing global warming.

There are several reports of glaciers melting and altering species division that only prove climate change to be true.

The heightened array of temperature and potential transformation in each level of precipitation are some characteristics of climate change that make malaria stronger.

Notably, the extended periods will lead to severe and elevated risks in rates of infection.

In addition, areas of extended transmission could inflate and thus, provide opportunity for the vector to progress to higher elevation.

Scientists have confirmed through several statistics and computer replication illustrations the expected elevation of malaria.

To avoid getting malaria, sleep under a net

Treatment

Malaria is a fatal disease common to children and if it is not treated as soon as possible, it may cause death.

There are already medications to treat this kind of illness such as chloroquine, mefloquine, doxycycline and quinine.

Most of these medicines can be orally taken, but if the case is severe, intravenous may be recommended.

There are also some doctors that prefer the medication in suppository type.

With early treatment, it can be cured and the fatal results of this disease can be prevented.

Malaria clinic in Tanzania

People Most at Risk

Millions of fatalities have occurred due to this disease which has been recorded globally every year.

The risk of developing this disease is increased due to climate change.

The ones who are most at risk are those residing in countries with poor health care since malaria will most likely be rampant in those areas.

Distribution of malaria around the world

Elevated occurrence of chloroquine- or multi-resistant malaria

Occurrence of chloroquine-resistant malaria

No Plasmodium falciparum or chloroquine-resistance

No malaria

What Can be Done

However, health care systems can be improved in countries with poor health organizations by seeking international help from industrialized countries around the world.

It is very much essential to improve health facilities in nations that are just on the verge of developing.

Also, it is vital that we alleviate poor schemes through knowledge and awareness on the relationship between malaria and climate change.

Most importantly, each individual can be a responsible citizen and help their society to reduce the effects of climate change and put a stop to malaria that is becoming more and more dangerous to the people around the world.

Together, we can help stop climate change.

From Animal Planet

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