Pakistan: Climate Change and Global Warming:
by Muhammad Irfan
Every year the winters are shrinking and a few days of cold weather leaves us fresh and pleasant to face the scorching heat of the sun.
This has left everyone in every possible field worried because this global warming will affect our life styles.
The earth's climate is vibrant and always changing through a natural cycle. What the world is more concerned about is that the changes that are happening today have caught fire because of our very own deeds. These transformations are being studied by scientists through out the world in an attempt to find any evidence from tree rings, pollen samples, ice cores, and sea sediments.
The causes of climate change can be categorized into two main categories - those that are due to natural causes and those that are twisted by man.
The natural causes are continental drifts, volcanoes, and ocean currents accompanied by earth tilts, whereas the human factors range from bomb blasts and population outgrowth which is resulting in less and less greenery.
Climate change has harshly endangered the natural habitats of much of the wildlife populations. Some of the rare birds species like the black throated thrush, finches, magpie and golden eagle have almost vanished as the local ecosystems have been futile to sustain their needs. Many species of wolf and fox and their natural habitats are also being endangered by the changing climate.
The departure of vegetative covering, which has led to the migration of the Markhor and wild goats, has had ever negative implications for the elusive snow leopard, which, has now lost its critical food source.
This climate change can be only delayed by adopting a few measures such as:
- By starting awareness programs at the grass root levels, small children should be made conscious about conserving and planting tress and plants for more greenery.
- Promote genuine research programs on the part of developed nations to measure the ongoing damages to the natural environment of the mountainous communities in northern Pakistan.
- Encourage innovative approaches to environmental challenges caused by climate change fully making use of our Indigenous information.
- Help decrease pressure on the present forest belt by exploring convincing options to developing substitute energy sources.
The objective is to bring global warming under control by restraining the discharge of carbon dioxide and other heat-trapping “greenhouse” gases into the atmosphere.
We can contribute to this global cause by taking personal measures. We can lend a hand instantaneously by becoming more energy efficient. Conserving and limiting our use of oil, gasoline and coal can set an example for others to pursue.
If we do not do something now, we will leave a much larger crisis to our children. The good news is that, if we all join hands in stopping the climate change; we can decrease its impact on our lives, on our environment and on future generations.