Agriculture Sector Must Be Made Resilient to Climate Change
by Adnan Arshad
(Islamabad, Pakistan )
El-Nino is a weather pattern that will raise temperature variance surrounding the East Pacific Ocean which leads to a change of wind temperature all over the world. The population dependent on the environment for providing the basic food, water and energy resources could be facing severe devastation due to the impacts of climate change.
In essence, either too much or too little water could decimate the crops and as a result, force emigration. The vital resources become scarce and people become more desperate to gather enough which caused them to employ less sustainable practices.
Effects of Climate Change on Pakistan
The unexpected rains are spinning the monsoon cycle in some areas. Hence, some regions will witness rainfalls a lot more than normal. This is causing weather experts to have much more difficulty in predicting the weather which is crucial for agriculture.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) stated in the fifth assessment report that the Earth is not only in serious trouble, but also that we need to deploy sustainable agriculture in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Recently, thousands of acres of wheat crops across Pakistan were devastated as a consequence of climate change. In fact, the lower agricultural output is causing severe economic problems for the country.
Devastation of Wheat Crops
The rain and hailstorm also increased devastation for farmers in Jhelum and Chakwal districts (Punjab) by delaying the beginning of the harvest for wheat crops. The heavy rain and hailstorms caused the province to re-establish the wheat crops across the province in Pakistan.
However, the wheat crops in those areas were being mature and at grain filling phase and also going to the next developing reproductive phase as well. The extreme hailstorm destroyed the wheat spikes which carried grains and biomasses of wheat to UC-Kala Gujran (Jhelum).
The community of farmers were distraught due to their hundreds acres of wheat crop lost due to unexpected weather events which devastated most of the staple food crop’s productivity.
Furthermore, the wheat crops were also facing the extreme and prolonged drought in January that were also having an influence on the vigor, filling grain’s capacity and yield of wheat crop as well as their potency.
It is important that we adapt agriculture to climate change or else, we will face severe food shortages in the future.